Politics is the organized set of acts which are related to making political decisions in various groups, like the selection of leaders, the allocation of public resources or status, and so on. The branch of public science that studies government and politics is known as political science. Politics and public policy have their origins in the ancient Greek polity, where a policy was a body of citizens who elected leaders from their community. In ancient Rome the role of the Roman parliament was to supervise the actions of the government and pass laws as representatives of the citizens. Modern governments in most countries appoint their leaders to form cabinets which meet regularly to make political decisions.
The field of politics covers a wide range of issues that include the philosophy of government, history and current issues in politics, the functioning of politics in society, international political issues, and political systems of different countries. The major components of politics are constitutional government, constitutional rule, representative government, multiparty government, and deliberative democracy. The study of politics requires the use of a wide range of methods and techniques that include expressive political thought, analytical approaches, and the history and foundations of political systems. Politics also involves the study of different cultures and societies and their political practices.
Politics is a very interesting subject that is also closely connected to the nature of liberal arts. Students interested in politics should be prepared for a course in political theory, which will require them to extensively explore different theoretical perspectives on politics. Studying politics will also involve the application of a diverse range of political methods in various fields and in the context of specific democratic governments. It will also include the study of various dimensions of politics including power, politics, economic interests, and social classes.