Politics and Societies

Politics is the study of political power relationships between people, like the distribution of political benefits or status, or the allocation of scarce resources. The major branch of sociological science which studies government and politics is called political science. Politics is based on the basic societal processes and traditions that shape the patterns of societal action and behavior. Politics is a field that includes various theories, models, and arguments on the use of power, institutions, and social influence.

All over the world political scientists have produced numerous theory and arguments on political systems, institutions, and individuals. The major fields of politics are political philosophy, political science, political economy, political psychology, and political sociology. All these subjects have built an extensive history of political science research and practice. There have been numerous political scientists who have analyzed and contributed to the study of politics, affecting political scientists’ work on all levels.

Among all these, Weber’s “The State” is perhaps one of the most influential and important theories in the history of social sciences. It is because of this that many people consider Weber’s “theory of state” to be a fundamental theoretical model in political science. Basically, Weber suggests that human beings can simply stop being ruled by their instincts (that is, the political system), and develop the ability to become ruled by a more conscious, rational political system. According to Weber, humans have the ability to become political through socialization, but they have also the capacity to become ruled by their emotions, religion, and other psychological forces. The only way to change this, according to Weber, is to develop an understanding of how the political system works, and then use that understanding to improve human behaviors.

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